METHODS: In this randomized [with equal randomization (1:1)], double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, patients with radiographic evidence of knee OA and persistent pain higher than 40 mm on the visual analog scale (VAS) were recruited. The trial consisted of 12 h daily treatment for 1 month in 60 knee OA patients. The primary outcome measure was the reduction in pain intensity, assessed through VAS and WOMAC scores. Secondary outcomes included quality of life assessment through the 36-item Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form version 2 (SF-36 v2), pressure pain threshold (PPT) and changes in intake of NSAIDs/analgesics.

Stationary (or “static”), non-varying, magnetic fields from magnets have fixed strengths. They are used in mattresses, bracelets, knee wraps and the like. Most have very shallow penetration into the body, resulting in a very limited ability to affect deeper tissues, and they rarely treat all the cells of the body simultaneously. Only skilled practitioners may guide you to get the best results from these approaches.
When it comes to joints, arthritis is often one of the biggest concerns. However, PEMF helps not only with arthritic symptoms, but also potentially the cause as one piece of research in the Indian Journal of Experimental Biology found that “the use of PEMF for arthritis cure has conclusively shown that PEMF not only alleviates the pain in the arthritis condition but it also affords chondroprotection, exerts anti-inflammatory action and helps in bone remodeling.” 4

EarthPulse™ makes the only devices of their kind. EarthPulse™ PEMF devices allow for all night brain stimulation for a deeper state of sleep, while simultaneously enhancing and helping promote mitochondrial oxygen metabolism. More energy from every breath of air! More efficient O2 metabolism lowers oxidative stress and promotes cells resiliency to other metabolic stress producers like WiFi and other types of RF (radio frequency). The E-Stim does what a strong magnetic stimulator costing over $10,000 would do for just $399!

The day before my wedding Dr. Pacelli performed a second examination with digital x-rays to the lower leg and right ankle. It was a fantastic day for the brake was almost completely healed. I should have known it for I was seen two to three times per week for six weeks and with each visit I was improving. The pain was now just a sore-aching feeling, the swelling was of a minor amount and the discoloration was gone.


Less common causes of shoulder pain are suprascapular or long thoracic nerve entrapment. Problems not to be missed include thoracic outlet syndrome (e.g. cervical rib), circulation problems (e.g. axillary vein thrombosis), bone tumour, or referred pain from diaphragm or organs (e.g. heart, gallbladder, spleen, apex of the lungs, or duodenum) (Brukner et al 2001e).
Several mechanisms of PEMF therapy have been elucidated with regards to cancer. These studies have shown that PEMF therapy may exert proliferative inhibition and mitotic spindle disruption, block the development of neovascularization (blood supply) required for tumor growth and exacerbate an inherent or induced genetic instability by reducing the stringency of the late-cycle (G2) checkpoint. PEMF therapy also modulates gene expression and protein synthesis, interacting with specific DNA sequences within gene promoter regions. PEMFs have also an immunomodulatory effect, as supported by in vivo evidence showing an increase in tumor necrosis factor alpha levels that induce an anti-tumoral response.
The presence and size of a full-thickness rotator cuff tear may limit potential for management with exercise and underscores the importance of correct diagnosis. However, at least in a subset of patients with impingement non-operative management is equally effective as open or arthroscopic decompression (Coghlan et al 2008). Haahr et al (2005) noted no between-group differences at 12 months for pain and function in patients treated with subacromial arthroscopic decompression or 19 sessions of rotator cuff and scapular strengthening augmented by thermotherapy and massage. Faber et al (2006) reported no significant difference between supervised exercise therapy and arthroscopic acromioplasty with regard to return to work status at 6 months and at 2.5 years.
Bergman et al (2004) compared medical care (consisting of oral analgesics or NSAID, education, advice, corticosteroid infiltrations and physical therapy referral for exercise, modalities, massage after 6 weeks) to medical care with up to 6 treatments of thrust and non-thrust manipulative interventions to the ribs and cervical-thoracic spine over 12 weeks in patients with shoulder symptoms and dysfunction of cervico-thoracic spine and adjacent ribs. At 12 weeks, 43% of the manipulation group and 21% of the medical care group reported full recovery. A 17-percentage point difference favouring manipulation still existed at 52 weeks. During intervention and follow-up a consistent between-group difference in severity of the main complaint, shoulder pain and disability, and general health favoured the manual therapy group.
[1] *Depuis quelques années, certains collègues sont sollicités voire désignés par leur IEN en tant que MAT (maître d’accueil temporaire) pour accueillir des étudiants dans leur classe. D’aucuns, aussi, font acte de candidature spontanée ... Mais depuis 2010, la rémunération de ce service rendu à l’institution voit son montant fixé par un décret et un arrêté (n°2010-952 du 24 août 2010) et 2 circulaires (DGRH B1-3-DAF C1 n°2010-0249 du 9 septembre 2010 et DAF C1-D1 n°2010-0341 du 30 novembre 2010). Ainsi, chaque stage ouvre droit au versement d’une indemnité de 200€ à condition qu’il concerne un binôme d’étudiants. La rémunération se fait en une fois après service fait "à la date d’effet du 1er du mois courant et suivant le service fait."

Considering the role of thoracic flexion on scapulo-thoracic motion, education with regard to appropriate posture seems an obvious component of patient education. Bullock et al (2005) noted a significant increase in patients with impingement for shoulder flexion range although not pain intensity with erect as compared to slouched sitting posture. Visual, manual, and verbal feedback combined with education on faulty movement patterns provided significantly decreased electromyographic activity in the upper and middle trapezius, infraspinatus, serratus anterior, and anterior and middle deltoid muscles of patients with impingement immediately and 24 hours after movement training, whereas trunk, shoulder, and clavicular kinematics improved during and immediately after training, especially in the subset of patients with elevated clavicular position supporting the role of educating patients on correct movement patterns (Roy et al 2009).
Stationary (or “static”), non-varying, magnetic fields from magnets have fixed strengths. They are used in mattresses, bracelets, knee wraps and the like. Most have very shallow penetration into the body, resulting in a very limited ability to affect deeper tissues, and they rarely treat all the cells of the body simultaneously. Only skilled practitioners may guide you to get the bestresults from these approaches.
PEMF has FDA recognition for different conditions such as wound healing, tissue swelling, pain treatment, bone regeneration and even depression. PEMF is non-contact, non-invasive, non-pharmacological and effective support for many health conditions. Worldwide more than 2,000 double blind, university level medical studies have demonstrated that PEMF therapy is a safe and effective treatment for a variety of medical conditions, as well as to promote and maintain general cellular health and function.

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There is currently a lack of guidelines based on randomized, prospective studies to aid the clinician treating partial rotator cuff tears and contusions. Also, most of the available studies lack adequate statistical power. The results of nonoperative management of partial-thickness tears are largely unknown because there are no long-term follow-up studies using a standardized treatment protocol. Nonsurgical treatment is still regarded as the initial management step. The goal of treatment in athletes with a partial rotator cuff tear is to eliminate pain and restore function. Treatment of the athlete with a rotator cuff contusion has the same objective. The goals could evolve if biologic interventions are developed that lead to a true healing response (Ferhat et al, 2016).
ORL : L'ORL, Observation réfléchie de la langue, est une démarche d'enseignement de la grammaire introduite par les programmes de 2002. Elle consiste à partir de textes d'auteurs dont on dégage un aspect par l'observation. Le but de cette observation ciblée est à la fois de produire une règle et de réutiliser en production écrite ce qui a été constaté. En raison de la difficulté à mettre en oeuvre cette pédagogie et du manque d'outils disponibles, elle n'a été réellement mise en place que dans un faible pourcentage des classes. D'autre part, il est faux de dire comme on l'entend souvent que cette démarche est une nouveauté de 2002. En effet, elle avait fait l'objet d'environ 20 ans de recherche avant 2002 et on en trouve des traces à l'époque de Napoléon III* ou de Jules Ferry.

If the EarthPulse™ PEMF device doesn’t have you feeling and performing a decade (or two) younger in a few weeks we want you to return it. We’ve used that PEMF guarantee since 2002 and if EarthPulse™ PEMF didn’t work the way we say, we’d have gone out of business long, long ago. Less than 5% of our clients return and in person we never saw EarthPulse™ PEMF fail.

Recently I published the first new feature article for PainScience.com in quite a while: Zapped! Does TENS work for pain? The peculiar popularity of being gently zapped with electrical stimulation therapy. I’ve now added an interesting new section to it about pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMF). It’s amazingly positive, and inspired by some fresh science …
A systematic review aimed to examine the efficacy of rTMS on improving physical function and motor signs over the short- and long-terms in people with PD; Effect of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Physical Function and Motor Signs in Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis; Chung CL; Brain Stimul. 2016 Jul-Aug;9(4):475-87. Twenty-two trials comprising 555 people with PD were included in the review. The pooled evidence suggests that rTMS improves upper limb function in the short-term, walking performance and Unified Parkinson’s Disease rating Scale (UPDRS III) in the short- and long-terms in PD sufferers.
The use of electromagnetic fields has been advocated to promote the synthesis of extracellular matrix proteins of bone cells and the secretion of growth factors from osteoblasts to stimulate angiogenesis and new bone formation. Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy may enhance angiopoietin-2 expression. It may also affect several membrane receptors and stimulate osteoblasts to secrete several growth factors such as BMPs 2 and 4, TGF-β, and FGF-2. These anabolic effects of electromagnetic fields on bone formation contribute to the enhancement of fracture repair.
What does it promise? A technology first used by vets to treat injured racehorses, the electromagnetic charges thrown out by PEMF equipment are thought to stimulate your body’s cells, which can aid recovery from injury, reduce headaches, improve your immune system and blood circulation, provide improved sleep, and boost your general energy. People swear by it. Admittedly, one of those people is Noel Edmonds.
“When I ordered your device, I was taking a leading sleep med on and off just so I could get a few hours of sleep. I have been using the EarthPulse device for seven nights now, at Sleep 4, Last night was the first night in a very long time where I only woke up once during the night and then returned to sleep . RBH – first time (prior to use) was 90 seconds. Second time (5 days later) was 125 seconds. Wow!”
PEMFs address impaired chemistry and thus the function of cells – which in turn, improves health. PEMFs deliver beneficial, health-enhancing EMFs and frequencies to the cells. Low frequency PEMFs of even the weakest strengths pass right through the body, penetrating every cell, tissue, organ and even bone without being absorbed or altered! As they pass through, they stimulate most of the electrical and chemical processes in the tissues. Therapeutic PEMFs are specifically designed to positively support cellular energy, resulting in better cellular health and function.
Enseignement constructiviste : L'enseignement constructiviste est une approche de l'enseignement dans laquelle l'élève est acteur de son propre apprentissage. L'enseignement constructiviste part du principe que l'élève a déjà des représentations (parfois fausses) sur ce qu'on souhaite lui enseigner et qu'elles peuvent bloquer la transmission du savoir. L'enseignant doit donc commencer la séance en faisant ressortir ces représentations et en mettant en place des situations qui invitent les élèves à les remettre en cause ou à les compléter. Cette remise en cause conduit à des situations de recherche et des échanges parfois enflammés entre les élèves. Une fois que ces recherches et ces échanges ont permis de construire un savoir plus élaboré, on procède à une phase dite d'institutionnalisation, c'est à dire que ce qui a été trouvé par une partie des élèves est validé par le groupe et évidemment par l'enseignant comme étant un savoir nouveau. La trace écrite de ce savoir nouveau est établie en faisant participer les élèves et devient alors une leçon. Comme cet enseignement prend pleinement en compte la grande différence qui existe d'un élève à l'autre, la préparation des leçons demande plus de réflexion et de travail que pour un enseignement transmissif.
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