It seems most unusual that in a review of “all currently available treatments” for knee osteoarthritis (OA) by 21 authorities and “two experts in the field of guidelines methodology”, pulsed electromagnetic field therapy was not mentioned in the text or the 51 references.1 This is particularly troubling because over 2800 publications between 1966 and 1998 were retrieved. An identical search for efficacy of magnetic field therapy during this period listed 31 studies with at least one control group,2 including two double blind trials citing benefits in knee OA from a peer reviewed arthritis journal.3 4 In 1999 over 50 000 patients received pulsed signal therapy (PST) prescribed by over 1000 doctors at more than 300 clinics and hospitals in 16 countries, where it is usually reimbursed by fiscal intermediaries because of its proven record of cost effectiveness and safety. A summary of PST double blind and randomised study results in over 50 000 patients has been published,5 and findings in 100 000 patients (the vast majority with knee OA) have also been reported at recent international conferences.6 7 Although “alternative” remedies, ranging from minerals, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and capsaicin and diclofenac gels to sex hormones were discussed, in contrast with PST, none satisfied the category criteria the panel established to determine strong recommendation. Nor do any have the solid basic science studies that PST provides with its in vitro support for mechanisms of action to explain efficacy based on proteoglycan synthesis and chondrocyte stimulation results.8 9
Stationary (or “static”), non-varying, magnetic fields from magnets have fixed strengths. They are used in mattresses, bracelets, knee wraps and the like. Most have very shallow penetration into the body, resulting in a very limited ability to affect deeper tissues, and they rarely treat all the cells of the body simultaneously. Only skilled practitioners may guide you to get the bestresults from these approaches.

Je pense consacrer 15 minutes 4 fois par semaine à ces leçons (pour le calcul et la numération), mais je n'en fais pas sur les difficultés des fiches, chaque élève a ses propres difficultés (ou pas) sur les fiches, donc ce sont plutôt les élèves qui s'entraident lorsque l'un d'entre eux ne comprend pas une fiche. Pour établir ma progression, j'avais regardé la progression des fichiers PEMF pour calquer au mieux.

PainSci summary of Bagnato 2016?This page is one of thousands in the bibliography. It is not a general article: it is focused on a single scientific paper, and it may provide only just enough context for the summary to make sense. Links to other papers and more general information are provided at the bottom of the page, as often as possible. ★★★★☆?4-star ratings are for bigger/better studies and reviews published in more prestigious journals, with only quibbles. Ratings are a highly subjective opinion, and subject to revision at any time. If you think this paper has been incorrectly rated, please let me know.
PEMF (Pulsed Electromagnetic Field) therapy has been used for centuries in various forms and was researched notably by Nikola Tesla and NASA. Only recently have the benefits of PEMF therapy started to gain popularity, receiving the support of respected members of the scientific community such as Dr. Oz and double Nobel Prize winner Dr. Linus Pauling.
“The PEMF Therapy and all the other treatments by Dr Pacelli is the best decision I could have made! In the 4 months I’ve seen huge improvements in my health. The psoriasis is diminishing…my energy has greatly improved…my color is wonderful…my weight is decreasing…my blood sugars are totally normal…and I’ve shown my medical doctors that I don’t need the Statin drug they were trying to force on me…because my LDL and cholesterol levels are now totally normal.
Within the domain of shoulder pain, rotator cuff conditions can be caused by an inter-relationship between soft tissue laxity (i.e. ligament) resulting in glenohumeral laxity, impingement (e.g. due to bursitis or osteophytes) resulting in tendon compression and cuff lesions (Allingham & McConnell 2003). Therefore, treatment is likely to be more effective when all possible factors that can cause laxity, impingement or lesion of the cuff are considered. These include:

ORL : L'ORL, Observation réfléchie de la langue, est une démarche d'enseignement de la grammaire introduite par les programmes de 2002. Elle consiste à partir de textes d'auteurs dont on dégage un aspect par l'observation. Le but de cette observation ciblée est à la fois de produire une règle et de réutiliser en production écrite ce qui a été constaté. En raison de la difficulté à mettre en oeuvre cette pédagogie et du manque d'outils disponibles, elle n'a été réellement mise en place que dans un faible pourcentage des classes. D'autre part, il est faux de dire comme on l'entend souvent que cette démarche est une nouveauté de 2002. En effet, elle avait fait l'objet d'environ 20 ans de recherche avant 2002 et on en trouve des traces à l'époque de Napoléon III* ou de Jules Ferry.
Conventional medicine continues to be dominated by mechanical/chemical thinking (surgery and medication treatments). However, Pulsed Electro Magnetic Fields Therapy already forms part of conventional medicine as a complementary treatment method. It is currently accepted by specialist medical bodies and is a key topic in medical working groups and a current object of research in a number of universities.
Pour mes séances en production d’écrits/écriture essayée, je m’appuie sur les petits livres de la collection « Histoire de mots » chez PEMF. Le principe est assez simple : proposer une structure répétitive originale qui facilite beaucoup le passage à l’écrit. Comme les élèves disposent d’un modèle, la production des phrases et le passage à l’écrit sont facilités.
The most recent studies of the PEMF transduction pathway have concentrated upon the Ca/CaM-dependent nitric oxide (NO) cascades. It is within this system that the effectiveness of PEMF is now understood to function. However, those linkages were dependent on the discovery that NO is a signaling molecule.41 NO is synthesized via nitric oxide synthase (NOS), that has several different isoforms.42 When injury occurs, large amounts of NO are produced by long-lived inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). In this cascade, tissue levels of NO persist and the prolonged presence of this free radical is proinflammatory,43 which accounts for the leaky blood vessels associated with pain and swelling.44 In contrast, the endothelial and neuronal nitric oxide synthase isoforms (eNOS and nNOS, respectively) produce NO in short bursts that can immediately relax blood and lymph vessels.45,46 These short bursts of NO also lead to the production of cyclic guanosine monophosphate, which in turn drives growth factor production.47 Interestingly, iNOS is not dependent on CaM,43 while the constitutive or cNOS (eNOS or nNOS) cascade is dependent on the binding of Ca/CaM. Therapies that could accelerate Ca/CaM binding, therefore, should impact all phases of tissue repair, from initial pain and swelling to blood vessel growth, tissue regeneration, and remodeling.42

Pour les corrections, c'est soit en direct (quand je circule, et que je vois quelque chose de juste, je coche tout de suite sur le cahier), soit autocorrection pour ceux qui en sont capables (ils viennent me montrer le travail et peuvent alors chercher la fiche de correction), soit par moi le soir, avec reprise le lendemain matin en tout début de matinée (j'ai un temps dédié aux corrections). Les élèves trichent moins quand ils comprennent que si le test est raté (parce qu'ils n'ont rien compris à la série qui précède et ont triché pour répondre), ils doivent recommencer...