ranscutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS or TNS) is the use of electric current produced by a device to stimulate the nerves for therapeutic purposes. TENS, by definition, covers the complete range of transcutaneously applied currents used for nerve excitation although the term is often used with a more restrictive intent, namely to describe the kind of pulses produced by portable stimulators used to treat pain.

Classically, TENS has been used for the purpose of pain alleviation. Low-frequency TENS has also been found effective to increase microcirculation and facilitate the absorption of calcific deposits in the shoulder tendons.123,124 The most effective treatment points are believed to be associated with stimulation of the acupuncture points.125 Figure 41-9 displays a possible electrode placement using acupuncture sites. The points used in this arrangement include Jianjing (GB 21), Binao (LI 14), Juga (LI 16), and Jianya (LI 15).126 Any physical modality is only an adjunct in a physical therapy clinic and should be used with prudence.


Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy replicates the Earth’s natural magnetic field, which we were once strongly connected to. Over time this magnetic field has gotten weaker (an estimated 10% weaker since the 19th century) and due to industrialization and modernization, we are further separated from the Earth’s natural magnetic field. The therapy actually originated from NASA’s research involving the benefits of pulsed electromagnetic fields on astronauts for fatigue, depression, bone loss and other symptoms following even short trips to outer space. Scientists discovered that the cause was due to astronauts being without this beneficial natural field emanating from our Earth.
ranscutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS or TNS) is the use of electric current produced by a device to stimulate the nerves for therapeutic purposes. TENS, by definition, covers the complete range of transcutaneously applied currents used for nerve excitation although the term is often used with a more restrictive intent, namely to describe the kind of pulses produced by portable stimulators used to treat pain.
In the overhead throwing athlete, shoulder rehabilitation should be directed at the underlying deficits, most commonly loss of shoulder internal rotation and poor control of the scapula. A four-phase approach is described by Wilk & Macrina (2014) in the nonoperative treatment of throwing shoulder injuries. In phase 1, the “acute phase,” the primary goals are to diminish pain/inflammation, improve motion, activate the appropriate muscles, create dynamic stability and muscle balance, and restore proprioception. The athlete’s level of activity is adjusted according to symptoms, which usually require the athlete to abstain from activity. Internal rotation motion is addressed; the preferred stretches are the modified sleeper’s stretch and supine horizontal adduction with internal rotation stretch (Fig. 6A.2). A horizontal adduction stretch with manual patient assistance into internal rotation is performed. Assessment of scapula positioning is also recommended, with strengthening of the scapula retractors and the lower trapezius and additional stretching of the pectoralis minor. The primary goals of phase 2, the “intermediate phase,” are to progress the strengthening program, improve the range of motion, and facilitate neuromuscular control. Core strengthening is also initiated during this phase. Kibler et al (2013) have emphasized the need to evaluate and treat the entire system to restore the athlete’s kinetic chain. Phase 3, the “advanced strengthening phase,” involves aggressive strengthening drills to promote power and endurance as well as functional drills, and throwing is gradually introduced. “Return to throwing phase,” phase 4, incorporates the progression of an interval-throwing program. This program controls for distance, intensity, and surface, in that for pitchers, throwing from the mound is the last advancement. It is important to be aware that when athletes are told to throw with 50% effort, they actually throw at 83% of their maximal speed, and when asked to throw at 75% they are actually throwing at 90% of their maximal effort (Fleisig et al, 1996).

Or, you can get your own equipment. PEMF devices aren’t classified as regulated medical devices, so you don’t need to be a doctor or a chiropractor to buy a PEMF device. If you can afford it, you can get a PEMF mat, pad, or ring. Affording it is the tricky part. The cheapest PEMF mats go for $1,300 or more, and the prices go up from there. As with anything, you get what you pay for, and higher-quality devices run into five figures.


CLIS : Les CLIS sont des classes spécialisées intégrées dans les écoles qui accueillent des enfants relavant d'une déficience intellectuelle ou d'un handicap mental "modéré". Normalement, l'enseignant est un maître D mais il y a parfois plus de CLIS que d'enseignants spécialisés disponibles. Certaines CLIS ont une spécialité supplémentaire comme la spécialité "trouble du langage".
Lastly, you may experience uncomfortable sensations specially if you have autonomic dysfunction or have neurotoxicity due to your environment or an infection. Fatigue, agitation, weakness, dizziness or vertigo, increased urination (although the frequency of night time urination reduces with PEMF therapy long-term), and warm/cold sensations might manifest. These can also be indicators of your body’s requirements for correct nutrient intake. It’s time to consult a nutritionist when such effects are experienced. Nutrition is key to best results with PEMF, as cells can’t repair even when well energized if nutrition deficiencies exist.
Having the intense pain, swelling with discoloration happening right before my eyes. Well, Dr. Pacelli explain that following his procedures would have me walking down the isle in the six weeks’ time, with no pain, swelling and the normal color to my lower leg and ankle area. He stated the bone would be mending but we would not know how much it would be mended until the day before that wonderful date. One of the major therapies was PEMF that I never heard of before but what a different it made to my leg.
Developed and manufactured in Germany by a company that has decades of experience manufacturing high-tech wellness products, the BioBalance PEMF machine was launched in 2017. It can now be considered the most affordable whole body PEMF device for home use. Our PEMF therapy devices are shipped worldwide from US & EU and come with a best-in-class 30 day money-back guarantee. 
Curating this bibliography since 2002 has contributed to our designing the most powerful, yet portable PEMF therapy devices for sale anywhere. Routine night-long EarthPulse™ PEMF therapy through your existing mattress enhances the sleep process, radically accelerates short & long term recovery, slows down the aging process and radically increases strength & stamina with no effort whatsoever.
Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy (PEMF or PEMT) is a non-invasive, painless treatment which works by emitting a pulsating, varying intensity and frequency electromagnetic field, coming from a solenoid placed around the patient. Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy was approved by the FDA in 1979 specifically for the healing of nonunion fractures, which came after a Columbia University study that was encouraged by NASA, and has recently gained attention in the U.S (even appearing as a segment on the Dr. Oz Show). The value of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy has been shown to cover a wide range of conditions, with well documented trials carried out by hospitals, rheumatologists, physiotherapists, and neurologists. PEMF was widely used and with great success in the 19th and early 20th century. These primitive electromagnetic therapeutic devices were used by both medical doctors and non-allopathic health practitioners.

Considered together, all available evidence provides strong support for Ca/CaM-dependent transient NO production as an important PEMF transduction pathway for tissue repair. One of the authors (AAP) has recently proposed the PEMF mechanism as a working model for PEMF therapeutics (Figure 4).61 This mechanism suggests that the primary effect of clinically relevant PEMF signals is to increase the rate of Ca2+ binding to CaM, which then catalyzes cNOS (eg., eNOS), producing an immediate (within seconds) production of NO, which can orchestrate an antiinflammatory response via increased blood and lymph flow. NO, in turn, regulates cGMP production (within minutes), which cascades to the appropriate growth factor release dependent on the stage of healing (eg., FGF-2 for angiogenesis).


Upon return to earth, many astronauts were noted with symptoms of depression, bone loss, decreased metabolism, impaired perception and muscle degeneration. Initially, Scientists were baffled; with nothing to work with they could not explain what was causing these rather extreme symptoms. After a period of extensive study however, it came to light that the PEMF created by the earth was integral to the well being of the human body.
By William Pawluk, MD, MSc Board Certified Family Physician and Holistic Health Practitioner; Former Assistant Professor at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and University of Maryland Dr. Pawluk is the creator of www.drpawluk.com, an authoritative informational source on PEMFs. He has also authored a book, and appeared and consulted for the media, as well as universities conducting research.
“Paul – Well I have put the EarthPulse through enough testing that I can confidently say the device has real merit. There was for me a trial period so as to find out what settings worked best for my recovery. This has thus far been the results of my experimentation. Deeper sleep. 80% reduced hip pain. I can now sleep without throbbing pain. You have my full endorsement. God Bless.”
Lastly, you may experience uncomfortable sensations specially if you have autonomic dysfunction or have neurotoxicity due to your environment or an infection. Fatigue, agitation, weakness, dizziness or vertigo, increased urination (although the frequency of night time urination reduces with PEMF therapy long-term), and warm/cold sensations might manifest. These can also be indicators of your body’s requirements for correct nutrient intake. It’s time to consult a nutritionist when such effects are experienced. Nutrition is key to best results with PEMF, as cells can’t repair even when well energized if nutrition deficiencies exist.
Or, you can get your own equipment. PEMF devices aren’t classified as regulated medical devices, so you don’t need to be a doctor or a chiropractor to buy a PEMF device. If you can afford it, you can get a PEMF mat, pad, or ring. Affording it is the tricky part. The cheapest PEMF mats go for $1,300 or more, and the prices go up from there. As with anything, you get what you pay for, and higher-quality devices run into five figures.
Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) technologies have shown usefulness as adjunctive therapy for the treatment of both delayed-union fractures1 and chronic wounds.2 These relatively simple devices use an external, non-invasive PEMF to generate shorts bursts of electrical current in injured tissue without producing heat or interfering with nerve or muscle function. Recently, increased understanding of the mechanism of action of PEMF therapy has permitted technologic advances yielding economical and disposable PEMF devices. With these devices, PEMF therapy has been broadened to include the treatment of postoperative pain and edema in both outpatient and home settings,3 offering the physician a more versatile tool for patient management.
METHODS: In this randomized [with equal randomization (1:1)], double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, patients with radiographic evidence of knee OA and persistent pain higher than 40 mm on the visual analog scale (VAS) were recruited. The trial consisted of 12 h daily treatment for 1 month in 60 knee OA patients. The primary outcome measure was the reduction in pain intensity, assessed through VAS and WOMAC scores. Secondary outcomes included quality of life assessment through the 36-item Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form version 2 (SF-36 v2), pressure pain threshold (PPT) and changes in intake of NSAIDs/analgesics.
Bonjour sophsoph. J'aimerais aussi tester le sud plans de travail. Dans un même cours je fais deux programmations différentes. Je veux passer à l'étape supérieure en individualisant le travail. Ce qui le freine : les corrections. Comment les gérer pour ne pas être submergée de fiches à corriger ? L'auto correction ? Je ne sais pas si c'est efficace. Je réfléchis.
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