Enseignement constructiviste : L'enseignement constructiviste est une approche de l'enseignement dans laquelle l'élève est acteur de son propre apprentissage. L'enseignement constructiviste part du principe que l'élève a déjà des représentations (parfois fausses) sur ce qu'on souhaite lui enseigner et qu'elles peuvent bloquer la transmission du savoir. L'enseignant doit donc commencer la séance en faisant ressortir ces représentations et en mettant en place des situations qui invitent les élèves à les remettre en cause ou à les compléter. Cette remise en cause conduit à des situations de recherche et des échanges parfois enflammés entre les élèves. Une fois que ces recherches et ces échanges ont permis de construire un savoir plus élaboré, on procède à une phase dite d'institutionnalisation, c'est à dire que ce qui a été trouvé par une partie des élèves est validé par le groupe et évidemment par l'enseignant comme étant un savoir nouveau. La trace écrite de ce savoir nouveau est établie en faisant participer les élèves et devient alors une leçon. Comme cet enseignement prend pleinement en compte la grande différence qui existe d'un élève à l'autre, la préparation des leçons demande plus de réflexion et de travail que pour un enseignement transmissif.
Peu de changement : Le volume de décharge n’est pas mentionné mais il serait question de conserver les 6h actuelles, même dans le cas de la réduction de la journée de classe à 5h20, soit 2 demi-journées sur 9 pour la formation (contre 3/9 avant 2008 et 2/8 depuis 2008). L’indemnité de fonction est attachée au tutorat des fonctionnaires stagiaires et non à l’ensemble des missions qu’exercent les PEMF, ce qui risque d’exclure encore une partie des PEMF de cette indemnité

The primary purpose of this website is to give those interested in PEMF's (pulsed electromagnetic fields) insights into the fundamental significance, the scientific background and the effects of the increasingly popular complementary medical application of PEMF's. In the last 5 years much has been accomplished and positively changed specifically in the field of PEMF systems for home use.
On the show, world-class pain specialist Dr. James Dillard mentioned electromagnetic portable pads to Dr. Oz. These mats produce a therapeutic pulsed electromagnetic field that can surround the entire body. They are not FDA-approved and are not made in the USA. PEMF mats are primarily advertised and distributed over the Internet, often used without medical supervision. Retail price is $2000 to $3000, and often renting is possible for a weekly rate. There are a dozen different companies that make these devices. Three examples are the Mediconsult iMRS/MRS2000, Medithera Home System, and Quantron Resonance System QRS-101.
See EarthPulse™ PEMF Reviews, Ergogenic PEMF for Enhanced Athletic Performance and EarthPulse™ PEMF Tech-Specs to make a fully informed decision about the most revolutionary wellness, longevity and performance enhancement tool on Earth. Stop age-related performance loss in its tracks, reverse it and start setting personal performance records in just 30 days! Stop getting older and start getting better by selecting your EarthPulse™ PEMF system today.
I have worked with a number of Parkinson's clients very effectively, but - as is often the case with 'complementary' approach, the challenge is in embracing quite a different way of thinking - and the medication/grip of disease/anxiety and stress are powerful and seductive hooks. The gentlemen I am looking into gut health for has found after a couple of our sessions, but not all the time, he is able to play piano after 9 years of his tremor being too disruptive. Our next work is with me carrying out cranial work while he is playing and exploring the sensory experience/interoceptive experience of doing so - then looking at ways he can find balance and access that 'place' for himself. 

As per published research, PEMF therapy has been proven to be beneficial for a variety of disorders that affect the brain as well as the whole body. PEMF-Devices.com blog is covering many such conditions one-by-one. We also endeavour to find out the extent of healing that happens in various conditions due to PEMF therapy. Finally, we cover PEMF devices for which there are reviews from users that explain their experience as well as the techniques and use guide for these conditions based on reviews and research.
Our alphabetised-by-disorder Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy Research Index contains more than a thousand peer-reviewed pulsed electromagnetic field therapy citations to aid you in your PEMF therapy research. If you notice something missing, just drop us a message through our chat function lower right. We’ll search the scientific literature and let you know what we think.
Some systematic reviews (Green et al 2003, Faber et al 2006) have supported a combination of manual therapy and exercise for patients with impingement for improvements in pain and function. Manual therapy interventions may be appropriate for restrictions in the glenohumeral joint, shoulder girdle, cervical and thoracic spine, and ribs and are discussed in more detail in Chapters 11, 12, 15 and 20.

A PEMF device furnishes an external pulsed electromagnetic field that facilitates the optimum electromagnetic environment for cells to regulate the inflow and outflow of electrically charged ions in tissues. Due to enhanced cellular performance, cell membranes are invigorated, this is how Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) therapy improves oxygenation and nutrient absorption in body cells. The pangs and throes of pain can be conceived of as signals that permeate our consciousness, alerting us of endangered cells and tissues in our bodies.
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Because we are partial to Bayesian analysis here at SBM, we like to consider both plausibility and clinical evidence. There is almost no plausibility to the claims being made by EMP Pad. Low power electromagnetic fields have never been shown to have clinically significant effects on animals or people. There is no way to magically “heal” cells or make them live longer, or affect overall health with simple magnetic fields.
The Full Body OMI PEMF Therapy Mat is used for both professional and home use. What are the primary uses for this device? The OMI PEMF Therapy Mat is used for assistance with a wide variety of health concerns. Some of the most common uses for the PEMF Therapy Mat include: Pain Relief including Chronic Pain, Stress Relief, Reduced Inflammation, Increased Circulation, Better Sleep and many more. What part of the body is it used for? The OMI PEMF Therapy Mat is designed for full body use. How big is it? It measures 65 X 20 inches and has a quad fold design for compact storage. The OMI PEMF Therapy Mat should be used on a firm surface. How strong is the pulse? The OMI PEMF Therapy mat provides a field strength between 20 and 66 Microtesla depending on the frequency being used. What waveform does it have? The OMI PEMF Therapy Mat uses a square wave. What coils does it have? The OMI PEMF Therapy Mat has 8 pure copper coils. These copper coils provide even pulsed electromagnetic fields to the whole body. How long does it take to see results? Results vary on a case by case basis. The pulses from this device are from the top side of the mat which provide direct nerve and cell stimulation for the whole body.
After conducting in-person interviews of more than 23,000 American adults, the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (in conjunction with the National Center for Health Statistics) found that almost 40 percent of those surveyed used some type of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in an effort to obtain and retain a higher level of health.1
Nonhealing episternal abscess wound in an elderly male following cardiac surgery. A, The open cardiac wound is seen following drainage of abscess and start of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMF). B, Wound closure is shown 8 weeks after 30-minute PEMF treatments twice daily. Patient was cared for in a hospital for 1 week and was then transferred to a nursing home with a portable PEMF unit until complete healing occurred.

The feasibility of PEMF therapy for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has also been investigated in a single-group, open-label, phase I/II clinical study. Forty-one patients with advanced HCC received very low levels of PEMFs modulated at HCC-specific frequencies (100 Hz–21 kHz) and received three-daily 60 min outpatient treatments. No adverse reactions were observed during PEMF treatment. Five patients reported complete disappearance and two patients reported decrease in pain shortly after beginning of treatment. Four patients showed a partial response to treatment, while 16 patients (39%) had stable disease for more than 12 weeks. This study shows that PEMF therapy provides a safe and well-tolerated treatment, as well as evidence of antineoplastic effects in patients with HCC.
The information on this website has not been evaluated by the Food & Drug Administration or any other medical body. We do not aim to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any illness or disease. Information is shared for educational purposes only. You must consult your doctor before acting on any content on this website, especially if you are pregnant, nursing, taking medication, or have a medical condition.
Just like after an automobile tune up, mileage and horsepower go up, and exhaust gases go down, we have a very simple way to prove this we call the resting-breath-hold. How long you can hold your breath isn’t as much a function of cardiovascular health as it is a function of how well, and how efficiently your mitochondria metabolize oxygen that reaches the cell.
La clarification des missions avec un repositionnement en formation initiale dans les ESPE était attendue par les PEMF, tout comme la nécessité d’accorder une décharge de service suffisante pour couvrir toutes les missions. Si le chantier a permis de redéfinir les missions en distinguant ce qui relève de la formation initiale et de la formation continue, en donnant la priorité à la formation initiale, la question du temps de décharge de service n’a pas eu de réponse. Avec un temps de décharge insuffisant et l’absence de cadrage nationale pour intégrer les PEMF dans les équipes pluri-professionnelles, rien ne garantit leur participation effective au sein des ESPE. Malgré les interventions du SNUipp-FSU pour faire évoluer le régime indemnitaire, l’indemnité de tutorat que tous les PEMF ne touchaient pas est maintenue et reste liée au suivi effectif des fonctionnaires stagiaires. Le SNUipp-FSU va continuer d’intervenir notamment dans le cadre de la réecriture de la circulaire pour que les missions des PEMF ne soient pas que reconnues mais puissent être effectives.
Disclaimer: Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMF) has been approved by health authorities as medical therapy for human applications. In the European Community the Curatron devices are certified as medical devices according to the Medical Device Directive 93/42/EEC. The devices are manufactured according to ISO 13485 for Good Manufacturing Practice.
PEMF has also shown positive effects with Alzheimer’s disease, Lou Gehrig’s, cancer, heart disease, depression, diabetes, endometriosis, epilepsy, headaches, glaucoma, hepatitis, kidney problems, lung disease, lupus, multiple sclerosis, pancreatitis, Parkinson’s, sexual disorders, sleep disorders, spinal cord injury, stroke, Tourette’s, ulcers, urinary problems, and more.
Studies emerged suggesting that PEMF could modulate the production of growth factors32 and began to focus on enzyme systems with well-characterized calcium (Ca2+) dependence. By the mid-1990s, researchers were investigating the effects of electrical33 and PEMF signaling on intracellular Ca2+, specifically the binding of Ca2+ to calmodulin (CaM), using the knowledge that CaM-dependent cascades were involved in tissue repair.34 One important early study showed that RF PEMF could increase Ca2+, binding kinetics to CaM by measuring the phosphorylation of myosin light chains in an enzyme assay.35 This and other studies36,37 clearly showed the dependence of the PEMF effect upon free Ca2+ at levels mimicking those found in the living cell. Therefore, PEMF modulates a physiologically relevant cascade involving Ca2+, binding to CaM. The Ca/CaM complex then binds to and activates myosin light chain kinase (MLCK), which in turn catalyzes myosin phosphorylation.38
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The EarthPulse is one of the most widely used PEMF device, and is primarily designed to facilitate deep delta rhythm sleep. Deep sleep causes recovery to accelerate and thereby reduces pain faster more naturally. The EarthPulse PEMF device is contrived to generate magnetic fields that “entrain” the brain by setting it in a cycle of regularized sleep rhythm. Thus it not only delivers PEMFs but also uses it in a much more effective manner by auto-shifting the frequencies to provide brainwave entrainment. It could just be the most effective brainwave entrainment tool too (and not just PEMF!). Brainwave entrainment basically means training your brain to operate at the best level of consciousness at any given time of the day. When a good circadian rhythm is established, the body performs best, recovery happens optimally and many types of pain vanish faster.
Curating this bibliography since 2002 has contributed to our designing the most powerful, yet portable PEMF therapy devices for sale anywhere. Routine night-long EarthPulse™ PEMF therapy through your existing mattress enhances the sleep process, radically accelerates short & long term recovery, slows down the aging process and radically increases strength & stamina with no effort whatsoever.
There is currently a lack of guidelines based on randomized, prospective studies to aid the clinician treating partial rotator cuff tears and contusions. Also, most of the available studies lack adequate statistical power. The results of nonoperative management of partial-thickness tears are largely unknown because there are no long-term follow-up studies using a standardized treatment protocol. Nonsurgical treatment is still regarded as the initial management step. The goal of treatment in athletes with a partial rotator cuff tear is to eliminate pain and restore function. Treatment of the athlete with a rotator cuff contusion has the same objective. The goals could evolve if biologic interventions are developed that lead to a true healing response (Ferhat et al, 2016).
By William Pawluk, MD, MSc Board Certified Family Physician and Holistic Health Practitioner; Former Assistant Professor at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and University of Maryland Dr. Pawluk is the creator of www.drpawluk.com, an authoritative informational source on PEMFs. He has also authored a book, and appeared and consulted for the media, as well as universities conducting research.
Amethyst Crystals actually elongate and amplify the natural wavelength of a key component to the treatments, the far infrared rays, allowing them to penetrate up to 7 inches deep into the body. By comparison, other far infrared technologies may only penetrate less than half that depth. Amethyst’s healing properties have been acknowledged and celebrated for centuries by ancient scientists and healers.  Now, modern science has confirmed the highly conductive properties of this remarkable mineral.  Amethyst crystals offer the most consistent and powerful delivery of far infrared light waves, and ionic effects to the human body.
Also on the show, family physician Dr. William Pawluk discussed the OrthoCor Active Knee System. This is an FDA-approved device that combines PEMF energy and thermal therapy to increase circulation and thus reduce swelling, relieve chronic pain and arthritis, as well as improve range of motion. The device’s technology consists of a cuff that surrounds the knee. It has a coil and heat pods that send magnetic pulses and heat through the injured tissue. Patients can walk while the OrthoCor device is in operation. OrthoCor sells its products through orthopedic clinics, physicians and health care practitioners.
Back in 2002, a pilot study was carried out to objectively assess the effectiveness of EarthPulse. In the study, some 11 patients suffering from chronic pain for more than two years were placed on a PEMF therapy in order to determine how EarthPulse influences sleep patterns and pain reception. After a few months of treatment, 7 of the 11 patients, having been subjectively evaluated by Visual analog pain scales, reported significant alleviation of pain. The report on the study was tremendously positive.
In an episode of the Bulletproof Radio podcast, PEMF expert Dr. Gary Ryan, known as “The Energy Doctor,” explains, “Based on a lot of research that was done at Yale, it is apparent that just about any pathology in the body is preceded by a drop in cell charge. Now we have technology that will reach down to the level of a cell that has lost charge and, due to the high intensity of the pulse, bring that pulse back to normal or a more normal situation, which allows it to replicate and produce a more normal cell.”
While it’s true not that all pain could possibly healed by a single method, as the causes of the pain matter most and may not be treatable by PEMF, which targets to heal the cause of the pain as well. For example, PEMF is not effective in pathogenic environments as the microorganisms will also find PEMF nutritious and thrive in it. In such pathogenic environment, such as in case of Lymes Disease, electric zapper devices might be the best electrotherapy mode rather than PEMF. PEMF could employed for rapid recovery after the pathogens are over-powered or vanquished by using electrotherapy.
How does the PEMF machine work then? As each pulse of electromagnetic energy runs through the body, it improves the cells micro-circulation, simultaneously increasing the blood flow and amount of oxygen available to each cell, which in turn improves the electron transport chain efficiency. In turn this causes the ATP in cells to increase, making them function at optimal levels, making the body expel toxins, absorb nutrients and produce more energy.
Pour les fiches PEMF, peut-être que le mieux c'est de mettre tout le monde en même temps du plan de travail et quand ils ont terminé une fiche, ils s'inscrivent à la correction et tu les appelles un par un à ton bureau? Et quand ils attendent la correction, ils font autre chose (autre fiche pemf ou remise au propre de texte libre, création mathématique ou autre?)